Please follow these guidelines when writing your papers.

Please follow these guidelines when writing your papers.

Deadlines Submit your papers because of the deadlines stated in the syllabus. You have three grace days for several papers except the final paper, for which there are no free extensions. By the day before the deadline if you have a problem before the final paper, be sure to talk to me.

Basic Elements

  • Mechanics are very important. They are the tools that are basic make the paper possible.
  • a) Descriptive Title. As simple as this can be, some social people forget.
  • b) Introductory Paragraph or Thesis. A thesis paragraph states what you’re setting off to show in your paper and just how you shall do that. An paragraph that is introductory the reader with a definite understanding of what the paper is about. In general it really is a good idea to steer clear of the overuse for the first person voice, because this can interrupt the flow of the prose. Check out examples to take into account:

Effective paragraph that is introductory does not use “I”: In Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, Kathleen Norris writes about her life in the Western plains of this United States. She describes it as a kind of monastic world by which she has been able in the future in touch with her spiritual roots through the lives of those there, the land, in addition to solitude of her own life that is inner. She does not falsely idealize life in the plains as some sort of paradise away from the urban jungle. In reality, this woman is critical associated with insularity and pettiness of this small towns in which she lives and works. As opposed to detracting from the positive feeling of her life there, however, her critical perspectives make her work more real and lead the reader to would like to get to understand her and the plains better. Effective introductory paragraph that uses “I”: In reading Dakota-A Spiritual Geography, I happened to be struck by the beauty of Kathleen Norris’ prose and her capacity to convey the subtleties and complexities of her life there, of men and women, place, and time, the relation between work, art, while the life that is spiritual. In the beginning, she is read by me work as the account of a woman and a culture vastly distinctive from my personal. I became aware that, in some ways, her world mirrored mine as I continued to read, however. While speaking out of a distinct geographical and cultural landscape, Norris will make us recognize options that come with our very own lives of which we may n’t have been previously aware. Weak paragraph that is introductory uses “I”: In this paper, i shall talk about Kathleen Norris’s book Dakota-A Spiritual Geography. I am going to discuss her views in the relation involving the Dakotas as a geographical location and a place that is spiritual. I shall show that there is a match up between the two. I will use ideas from her work as well as Carol Christ’s ideas about nature. I shall also show that, while beneficial in several ways, Christ’s ideas are insufficient for understanding Norris’ complete view of life when you look at the Dakotas.

  • c) Conclusion. The final outcome brings the basic ideas of the paper back into succinct focus. This could involve some summarizing but should also refocus ideas by reformulating a few of your thesis/introductory ideas in a way extremely hard without having see the body of one’s paper. May very well not answer all questions that you raised or resolve all issues outlined in your introduction. One way to conclude your paper is to raise questions that are further showing your understanding of their existence and possibilities for further inquiry. Sometimes, the greatest questions give rise to even more questions.
  • d) Documentation. Once you make generalizations or assertions, document your claims with references, either through the readings or perhaps the lectures. In the event that you make a statement that seems controversial and you also do not cite a reference, then I will not know where your ideas came from. You cannot be too careful about this point.
  • e) Format for References. When it comes to final paper, i will ask that you all use footnotes or endnotes following the format given into the syllabus plus the writing sample. Take note the utilization of commas and parentheses. For shorter papers, you might use parenthetical notes. (You should follow one of the standard formats for parenthetical use.)
  • f) Page numbers. Just in case all pages and posts come loose, I shall manage to read your paper.
  • g) Use block quotations for citations four lines or longer. When block that is using, do not use quotation marks at the beginning and end for the block. Make use of the margin command rather than the tab command to produce block quotations. This may make it a lot simpler for you.
  • h) Subheadings. They are not required, you may think it is helpful to insert subheadings while you go along. They could assist you to to arrange your paper in addition to to allow the reader know that new topics are increasingly being addressed.
  • a) Check your spelling. There should be errors that are few this regard.
  • b) Run-on and sentences that are incomplete. Avoid sentences which can be too much time. Check to ensure that you don’t have incomplete sentences.
  • c) Punctuation. Punctuation should follow standard guidelines. There clearly was often confusion about commas. There are a few rules that are simple could keep you away from trouble. We have summarized them here. Otherwise, consult a writing manual or ask the instructor. “The Elementary Rules of Usage” from William Strunk’s The Elements of Style covers many cases of comma usage including those that connect with independent and dependent clauses.
  • d) Tenses. Be consistent in your use of past and present tense. If you should be writing a thought paper (ideas, philosophy), it is accepted practice to put everything in the present tense. For example, you may write, “The Buddha says, . . . .” or “The Tibetan master Milarepa behaves in unconventional ways.” If you are writing a research paper dealing with historical issues, you need to put scholarly assertions in our tense (“I think,” “Gregory Schopen states”) and historical facts when you look at the past (“Shakyamuni delivered a sermon,” “Devadatta turned traitor”). In any full case, be consistent.

There are a few matters that are stylistic note.

  • a) Use natural English. There is no need to fill technical vocabulary to your paper or difficult terms. When you do utilize them, they will have a larger effect when you write for the most part in clear, straightforward English.
  • b) Avoid using too many conjunctions and qualifiers, such as for instance “however,” “then,” and “given that.” Usually, the reader will discover how one sentence pertains to the following with no utilization of these terms, and also the paper that is resulting be better to read. Make use of your own judgement that is good to when they are necessary. As a rule of thumb, use sparingly.
  • c) Gendered pronouns. It is now widely considered that the exclusive utilization of male pronouns to refer to both sexes is unacceptable. You will find a true number of strategies you can use to negotiate this matter. You might use i) male and female pronouns alternately, ii) neutral pronouns such as “one” and “they”; however, avoid mixing those two pronouns into the sentence that is same iii) both (When a person finds him or herself in this example . . .), or iv) “s/he”. You can find, however, possible exceptions. If you have any questions regarding this, please see me.

Don’t use “one” and “they” as pronouns when it comes to same referent (This confusion arises due to the usage of “they” as opposed to “his” or “her.”) Be mindful when you use humans or beings that are human replace “men.” “Human beings” is often more appropriate than “humans,” and sometimes “people” is a far better choice.

Common Errors

  • a) ” distinctive from.” “Different from” could be the correct usage, not “different than.”
  • b) “Complementary” versus “Complimentary.” Be sure to understand the distinction between both of these words. Yin and yang are complementary. Words of praise are complimentary.
  • c) “Affect” versus “effect.” You can assess the economic outcomes of having too much inventory, but one cannot easily affect nationwide economic trends which will decrease consumer demand.
  • D) A “novel” is a ongoing work of fiction. Memoirs, journals, biographies, and autobiographies are nonfiction works. Usually do not refer to them as “novels.”
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